This open access book modifies and revitalizes the concept of the 'developmental state' to understand the politics of emerging economy through nuanced analysis on the roles of human agency in the context of structural transformation. In other words, there is a revived interest in the 'developmental state' concept. The nature of the 'emerging state' is characterized by its attitude toward economic development and industrialization. Emerging states have engaged in the promotion of agriculture, trade, and industry and played a transformative role to pursue a certain path of economic development. Their success has cast doubt about the principle of laissez faire among the people in the developing world. This doubt, together with the progress of democratization, has prompted policymakers to discover when and how economic policies should deviate from laissez faire, what prevents political leaders and state institutions from being captured by vested interests, and what induce them to drive economic development. This book offers both historical and contemporary case studies from Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Rwanda. They illustrate how institutions are designed to be developmental, how political coalitions are formed to be growth-oriented, and how technocratic agencies are embedded in a network of business organizations as a part of their efforts for state building.
This open access book modifies and revitalizes the concept of the &#8216;developmental state&#8217; to understand the politics of emerging economy through nuanced analysis on the roles of human agency in the context of structural transformation. In other words, there is a revived interest in the &#8216;developmental state&#8217; concept. The nature of the &#8216;emerging state&#8217; is characterized by its attitude toward economic development and industrialization. Emerging states have engaged in the promotion of agriculture, trade, and industry and played a transformative role to pursue a certain path of economic development. Their success has cast doubt about the principle of laissez faire among the people in the developing world. This doubt, together with the progress of democratization, has prompted policymakers to discover when and how economic policies should deviate from laissez faire, what prevents political leaders and state institutions from being captured by vested interests, and what induce them to drive economic development. This book offers both historical and contemporary case studies from Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Rwanda. They illustrate how institutions are designed to be developmental, how political coalitions are formed to be growth-oriented, and how technocratic agencies are embedded in a network of business organizations as a part of their efforts for state building. Yusuke Takagi is Assistant Professor of the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Veerayooth Kanchoochat is Associate Professor of GRIPS and Tetsushi Sonobe is Vice President of GRIPS.
This is an exploration of ideological economic systems. Examines Anarchist, Capitalist, Communist, Corporatist, Fascist, Georgist, Islamic, Laissez-faire, Market socialist, (Neo-) Mercantilist, Participatory, Protectionist, Socialist, and Syndicalist. This is part of a series that examines the development and history of various political and economic concerns.Project Webster represents a new publishing paradigm, allowing disparate content sources to be curated into cohesive, relevant, and informative books. To date, this content has been curated from Wikipedia articles and images under Creative Commons licensing, although as Project Webster continues to increase in scope and dimension, more licensed and public domain content is being added. We believe books such as this represent a new and exciting lexicon in the sharing of human knowledge.
Our popular image of the era of the Great Depression is one of bread lines, labor wars, and leftist firebrands. Absent from this picture are religiously motivated social reformers, notably Catholic clergy and laity. In A Catholic New Deal, Kenneth Heineman rethinks the religious roots of labor organizing and social reform in America during the 1930s. He focuses on Pittsburgh, the leading industrial city of the time, a key center for the rise of American labor, and a critical Democratic power base, thanks in large part to Mayor David Lawrence and the Catholic vote. Despite the fact that Catholics were the core of the American industrial working class in the 1930s, historians (and many contemporary observers) have underestimated or ignored the religious component of labor activism in this era. In fact, many labor historians have argued that workers could not have formed successful industrial unions without first severing their religious ties. Heineman disputes this, arguing that there would have been no steelworkers union without Pittsburgh Catholics such as James Cox, Patrick Fagan, Carl Hensler, Phil Murray, and Charles Owen Rice. He presents a complex portrait of American Catholicism in which a large number of activist priests and laity championed a distinctly Catholic vision of social justice. This vision was anti-communist, anti-fascist, and anti-laissez faire. These Catholics, in turn, helped to make the Democratic Party and the CIO powerful organizations. A Catholic New Deal shows conclusively the important role that religion played in the history of organized labor in America.
Frontmatter -- TABLE OF CONTENTS -- INTRODUCTION -- PART ONE: AGRICULTURE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT -- I. POPULATION TRENDS AS THE CAUSE AND RESULT OF AGRICULTURAL PROGRESS -- II. INCREASING PER CAPITA OUTPUT IN AGRICULTURE AND THE PER ACRE YIELD OF FARMLAND -- III. FORMS OF ORGANISATION IN AGRICULTURE AND THE FINANCE OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT -- IV. CULTURAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND POLITICAL IMPEDIMENTS TO PROGRESS IN AGRICULTURE -- V. INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND PRICES: THE PROSPECTS FOR TROPICAL EXPORT CROPS -- VI. INDUSTRY AND AGRICULTURE: A PROBLEM OF PRIORITIES -- PART TWO: THE USE AND ABUSE OF FOREIGN AID (Thoughts about Ghana) -- VII. INTRODUCTION -- VIII. FOREIGN CAPITAL AND LAISSEZ-FAIRE -- IX. THE CASE FOR DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT -- X. CENTRALLY-PLANNED AND SUPPLY-DOMINATED DEVELOPMENT MODELS -- XI. STATE-DIRECTED AND DEMAND-DOMINATED MODELS OF GROWTH -- POSTSCRIPT -- INDEX
There is, first of all, the distinction between that part of our belief which is rational and that part which is not. If a man believes something for a reason which is preposterous or for no reason at all, and what he believes turns out to be true for some reason not known to him, he cannot be said to believe it rationally, although he believes it and it is in fact true. On the other hand, a man may rationally believe a proposition to be probable, when it is in fact false. -from Chapter II: Probability in Relation to the Theory of Knowledge' His fame as an economist aside, John Maynard Keynes may be best remembered for saying, 'In the long run, we are all dead.' That phrase may well be the most succinct expression of the theory of probability every uttered. For a longer explanation of the premise that underlies much of modern mathematics and science, Keynes's A Treatise on Probability is essential reading. First published in 1920, this is the foundational work of probability theory, which helped establish the author's enormous influence on modern economic and even political theories. Exploring aspects of randomness and chance, inductive reasoning and logical statistics, this is a work that belongs in the library of any interested in numbers and their application in the real world. AUTHOR BIO: British economist JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES (1883-1946) also wrote The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919), The End of Laissez-Faire (1926), The Means to Prosperity (1933), and General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936).
Adam Smith was a Scottish professor of moral philosophy. He published his classic The Wealth of Nations in 1776, the year the American Revolution began. Smith became widely known for his ideas of free markets, laissez-faire commerce, and the 'invisible hand.' Yet English politicians, landed gentry, and the nobility paid little attention and enacted none of Smith's suggested reforms. The American colonies, however, began their existence as an independent nation in 1781 with no money, no industry, no banks, and deep in debt. The Founding Fathers-particularly Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin-turned to the ideas of Adam Smith to create and jump-start an economic system for America with both immediate and long-sustained results. This little-known but vital part of U.S. history is now revealed in Roy C. Smith's highly readable new book.
MEMEnomics -- MEE - MEH -nomics -noun A new branch of social science that studies patterns of economic policies and practices by taking an integral, whole-systems approach to economic sustainability. The term 'vMEME' (the superscript 'v' is for 'value') refers to a core value system expressed through a culture's memes, i.e., its ideas, habits, and cultural preferences and practices that spread from person to person. In MEMEnomics Said E. Dawlabani reframes our economic history and the future of capitalism through the unique prism of a culture's value systems. Focusing on the long-term effects of economic policies on society, he expands psychologist Clare W. Graves' concepts of the hierarchical nature of human development and the theories of value systems of Beck and Cowan's Spiral Dynamics. He presents our economic history in terms of the hierarchy of five of the eight value-systems or vMEMEs of human existence that we can now identify. These new value preferences emerge as people interact with their environment to solve the problems of their 'life conditions.' The author believes that the pattern of economic cycles resulting from cultural value systems is critical to understanding the evolution of the meme of laissez-faire capitalism. By demonstrating predictable cycles of our economic history through the spiral of evolving levels of cultural value systems, he argues for the need to change the course of failures inherent in our current system. Mr. Dawlabani then offers a solution to the viability of capitalism-the formation of a 'smart model' of government designed from the values of the currently emerging seventh-level value system. Mr. Dawlabani calls on business leaders to evolve their values to the higher seventh-level system detailed in his 'platform of functional capitalism.' In this evolution of business consciousness, humanity moves from the myopic ethic of 'subsistence' to a new frontier that champions the emerging ethic of the 'magnificence of existence'-where we will all blend as part of a larger, compassionate whole.
Des textes inspirants sur les aleas de la vie...Un recueil de poemes sans concessions, a l'accent romantique et antisocial, qui explore la part d'ombre lovee en chacun de nous ainsi que les themes intemporels de la solitude, de l'amour et de la trahison...Laissez-vous emporter dans l'univers romantique de ces poesies emouvantes !A PROPOS DE L'AUTEURLinda Afoua Dit Geay ecrit sous le pseudonyme de Duchess Ladycee. Nee en France a Colombes, elle part a 7 ans vivre en Guyane avant de revenir en metropole a l'age de 23 ans, pour faire ses etudes. J'ai vecu beaucoup de choses dans ma vie et ainsi compris beaucoup de choses. C'est ce que j'essaye de retranscrire dans ce recueil, a commencer par son titre : Vies et Consequences.